Most alert to the risk of hollowing out intelligen

2022-08-08
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Beware of the "hollowing out" risk of intelligent manufacturing

there is a hollowing out risk in the development of Intelligent Manufacturing in China, and the huge demand for intelligent manufacturing is likely to become a feast for a few foreign enterprises with core technologies

intelligent manufacturing is the main direction of made in China 2025. However, if we rashly attack without mastering the core technology and manufacturing process, it is likely to evolve into intelligent manufacturing full of a large number of foreign technologies and equipment, which is tantamount to another market for technology

as Zhu Hongren, executive vice president and chairman of the China Enterprise Federation, pointed out at the 14th China Manufacturing International Forum recently, there is a risk of hollowing out the development of Intelligent Manufacturing in China, and it is likely that there will be a huge demand for intelligent manufacturing, which will become a feast for a few foreign enterprises with core technology

in order to avoid the risk of hollowing out, the top priority for China's intelligent manufacturing enterprises is to keep their feet on the ground in lean production

not ready yet

interconnection + is a huge concept. Interconnection + manufacturing is industry 4.0 launched by Germany. The United States calls it industrial interconnection, and China calls it made in China 2025. However, the essence of the three is the same, pointing to a core intelligent manufacturing

however, many people are not ready for the attack of intelligent manufacturing. A survey launched by the global manufacturing leaders summit showed that only 13% of the respondents said they had fully understood industry 4.0 and were ready to face all the challenges; 64% of people are only prepared to some extent, while most people still say they are not prepared at all

David R. brouzell, co-founder of the global manufacturing leaders summit, said that changes in the three dimensions of technology, organization and leadership can support real intelligent manufacturing, and the biggest challenge may focus on leadership. In the future, collaboration will become an increasingly important part of manufacturing enterprises. If industry 4.0 wants to achieve its future vision, it needs to lead across departments and boundaries, understand relevant information, respond to changes, and make better use of employees' technologies and skills

we found in the next generation leadership survey that many business leaders still feel that they cannot guarantee success in the future. David R. brouzell said that industry 4.0 is a trend that no manufacturer can doubt. The only problem is whether you can make good use of it. This is a challenge that all manufacturers have to face

there are also Chinese manufacturing enterprises that are not ready. Zhu Hongren said that although the majority of enterprises are enthusiastic about the new round of industrial revolution, there are still many puzzles and misunderstandings in the understanding of intelligent manufacturing, path selection, key transformation direction, implementation strategy and so on

the confusion of enterprises is not groundless, and China's manufacturing industry is indeed not fully confident of the successful transformation of intelligence. At present, multinational software giants are speeding up the layout of production control and operating systems for intelligent manufacturing, while the key basic components, operating systems and industrial software required by China's intelligent manufacturing equipment industry are seriously missing, forming a hard injury to the development of intelligent hardware. Zhu Hongren analyzed

Li Li, vice president of Xinhua Group III, also took digitalization as an example, saying that the digitalization transformation of Chinese enterprises is still at a very early stage. 85% of Chinese enterprises are still in the exploratory stage of digital transformation, and 60% of enterprises are facing the problem of insufficient information infrastructure in the process of digital transformation

not only that, Zhu Hongren also pointed out another problem: the industrial ecosystem of intelligent manufacturing has not yet formed in China. The unremitting transformation and innovation of single system solution providers in both the traditional industrial control field and the information field are the most realistic advantageous resources of enterprises, which are difficult to meet the intelligent transformation of enterprises. On the whole, China has not yet formed a group of suppliers with strong international competitiveness and a structured system

In the view of Wang Yulin, President of the Chinese Academy of ordnance Sciences, the development of intelligent manufacturing must rely on technological innovation and management innovation. Technological innovation is to focus on manufacturing digitalization and artificial intelligence. Management innovation is to solve the problem of the whole value chain matching intelligent manufacturing, open up scientific research and production, and its foundation is lean management, so as to achieve cost minimization, Maximize enterprise efficiency

Wang Yulin believes that the core of lean management is the systematization of the whole value chain, which means that the systematization of the whole value chain should become the implementation subject of lean management from technology research and development to procurement and supply, from production and manufacturing to business management and direct value creation

from the whole elements of management and the whole process of operation, comprehensively analyze the value flow, comprehensively optimize the business process, eliminate those links and activities that cannot generate value, and take the improvement of business indicators such as cost, R & D cycle and labor productivity as the long-term evaluation standard of operation and management. Wang Yulin said

Ma Qinghai, deputy general manager of MC (China) Co., Ltd., also pointed out that the innovation consciousness of senior management must support lean production. He said: If enterprises want to promote lean chain management, operators and managers' awareness of lean is the first, because it is senior management talents who master the company's resources. If they do not have this awareness, they will cause a lot of resentment from the following people. People who promote lean research and development will not understand it. It must be the high-level understanding of lean that is very critical

maqinghai said that in order to develop intelligent manufacturing, Chinese enterprises must also have their own technology and product inheritance, otherwise no matter how digital and intelligent, it is meaningless. Enterprises must learn to change their lives and innovate while inheriting

Wang Yulin suggested establishing a shared knowledge base. Relying on process construction and supported by knowledge base, establishing a comprehensive knowledge base of standard parts, components, basic materials, etc., and establishing a sharing mechanism will help promote the rise of intelligent manufacturing

if intelligent manufacturing is a wave that will have a profound impact on China's manufacturing industry, then the transformation of manufacturing thinking is the most important, supported by the lean thinking, management and innovation drive of employees and enterprises, and based on the upgrading of equipment systems, all links are indispensable. Zhu Hongren concluded

Zhu Hongren also suggested that China should establish an intelligent manufacturing development idea based on self-reliance, demand traction and multi-path collaborative promotion, give full play to the market traction of the upgrading of domestic consumption demand and the intelligent transformation needs of various industries, be led by industry leading enterprises, and the government supports the use of market mechanisms to form an innovative industrial alliance, and fully encourage all industries and enterprises to explore a variety of routes of intelligent manufacturing development path

still need to be down-to-earth

in fact, there are many products in China that are exquisite. The quality of these products can be guaranteed in small-scale production, but there are problems in quality when encountering large-scale production, so the world believes that made in China is medium and low-end manufacturing

it is rare for Chinese enterprises to do intelligent manufacturing to the extent of Siemens. If the foundation of lean production is not achieved, then blindly mentioning intelligent manufacturing seems a little greedy. We must be down-to-earth and do what we should do according to our own development stage. Li Maojin, chairman of Tianjin Youfa Steel Pipe Group Co., Ltd., said bluntly

how to be down-to-earth? Wang Yue, vice president of April group, has a deeper understanding. In the past, when we talked about lean production, we always thought that it was the problem of production system and how to solve the system. However, R & D, procurement and service also play a very important role in the value chain. For example, in research and development, 5% of the investment may determine 80% of the results

Wang Yue believes that large-scale personalized customization poses unprecedented challenges to enterprise R & D and design. Only by giving full play to every link of the overall value chain can we maximize the business effect, efficiency and value of the enterprise

he said that the enterprise value chain is divided into four links: R & D and design, procurement industry, production and manufacturing, and improving services. In the future, the value of production and manufacturing will be lower and lower for enterprises. Due to the personalized demand, enterprises should improve their value in research and development, service and marketing in order to face the future global market

in addition, the pursuit of high added value of market services is also another source of profit for enterprises. For example, CRRC's intelligent warehouse, intelligent logistics and intelligent distribution have been extended to the overall supply chain, suppliers and even external enterprises on the basis of lean, and have achieved good results. For example, Wang Yue said

he also said that the deep cultivation of the manufacturing system will be the driving force for lean continuous improvement. In fact, it cannot meet the needs of every premature baby. The German manufacturing gbt4341 (2) 001 metal shore hardness test method factory has done a very solid job in lean manufacturing. To succeed, an enterprise must have its own core technology and brand. The innovation of high-tech in enterprises is used to meet the personalized needs of different customers, and improve the gold content and brand effect of enterprises

in addition, we should extend the role of lean full value chain in the field of enterprise products and services and expand profit channels. It is also necessary to carry out modular import and build network information and digital systems. Use lean full value chain management to consolidate the foundation of enterprises and realize intelligent manufacturing. Wang Yue added

no matter German enterprises or China's manufacturing industry, we must settle down, do lean steadfastly, put the lean full value chain in place step by step, and move forward to intelligence step by step through digitalization. Wang Yue said

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